Debate on the Impact of Unilateral Coercive Measures on Enjoyment of Human Rights: The Case of Sudan
Members of Parliament begun discussions on the impact of unilateral coercive measures on enjoyment of human rights, on the third day of the third session of the 4th parliament of the Pan African Parliament taking place in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt.
Chaired by President Roger Nkodo Dang, the session was opened by former Sudanese Minister of Communications, Mr. Mahadi Ibarhim. Mr Ibrahim presented an overview of the situation of human rights in Sudan and drew attention to the United States’ unilateral measures that hinder the development of his country.
“Since 1993, Sudan is on America’s list of three countries alleged to support terrorism; being Sudan, Syria and Iran. The classification and blacklisting of Sudan by the United States has increased poverty,” he said.
According to the former Minister, the allegations by America lack evidence and have affected the education, agriculture, education, training, transportation, technology and health sectors.
"The US embargo has denied Sudanese citizens their basic rights, care, and a decent life," he added.
Mr. Mahadi Ibarhim compared these sanctions to a new form of American colonization. “To date, the country is deprived of 75% of its oil resources following the secession of South Sudan. However, the country needs US and Western investment to grow.” He added.
“In the agricultural sector for example, there was a significant deterioration caused by limited machinery, which resulted in a slowdown of development programs. Because of the trade restrictions imposed by the United States, exports fell and imports rose. In the field of technology, a regression from 30 to 13.2% was noted. The transport sector has also been affected. Roads construction equipment was limited and Americas’ refusal to supply locomotives, caused the closure of 10,500 kilometers to date.” Mr. Ibarhim said.
The former Minister also indicated that in the domain of education, technology meant for schools decreased and affected the quality of training, forcing teachers to migrate to most favorable countries.
Following the presentation, the African Union committed to speaking with one voice in urging the United States to lift sanctions against Sudan. On the contrary, the Pan African Parliament supports Sudan basing the struggle on solidarity, speedy ratification of the Maputo Protocol to better defend human rights. The two parties also condemned the attitude and insensitivity of the United States against the Sudanese population.
"If the United States is against me, that is because I'm on the right track," commented the Egyptian deputy, member of the PAP, Hon. El Gandi. He said he fully understood the current situation in Sudan, since his country, Egypt was also a victim of sanctions that resulted in a
considerable decrease in the number of tourists in the Sharm El Sheikh city.